ERP 1000 Aquatec
The Ampac Five Stage Reverse Osmosis
drinking water system, when equipped with a ERP 1000 Permeate Pump
and a high capacity membrane, increases the net pressure across
the Reverse Osmosis membrane by isolating the membrane pressure
from the pressure in the product water tank thereby reducing the
permeate back pressure to less than 5 PSI.
The Permeate pump does not use any electricity, and it is capable
of improving the recovery rate by as much as 400% under normal use,
while reducing waste water by as much as 80%.
The Aquatec Permeate Pump produces a number of Benefits to your
AMPAC USA Reverse Osmosis System.
Please see the information and analysis below to help you make a
decision on whether or not you should use a Permeate Pump for your
production against tank pressure
In a Reverse Osmosis system that uses the ERP 1000 Permeate pump the Reverse
Osmosis membrane always sees the full pressure across the membrane even
if the tank is almost up to the same pressure. This way the system does
not loose its performance. In a normal system you would for example have
60 PSI of line pressure. If the tank sees 30 PSI you only would have 30
PSI left for your membrane. In reality, this gives you less than 50% of
your normal performance. In a permeate pump system you would still have
60 PSI across your membrane even on 50 PSI tank pressure.
loss of recovery during the filling cycle
Systems Using the Aquatec Permeate pump Technology Don't Show Negative
Changes In the System Recovery Rate. The following graphic is the result
of tests on an Reverse Osmosis Unit, that allowed to disable the built
in Permeate pump using a ball valve. The unit was adjusted to a 4:1 concentrate
to product ratio on an empty tank and an open faucet. Feed pressure was
6 bars. The red curve &
shaded area shows the changes in recovery on rising tank pressure.
To minimize the problem shut off devices are used that allow to produce
about 55-75% of line pressure in the storage tank. Note, that in practice
the whole storage tank is not used very often. Normally you work out of
the top portion of the tank. The blue
shaded area & black curve shows the recovery using the Permeate
pump. Here you can see, that the recovery rate does not go down until
the Permeate pump shuts the system down close to 100% of line pressure
in the tank. This advantage can be used in systems that guarantee that
there is always a bigger amount ( > 1 Liter per use) of water used.
In household applications a shut off device must be installed. This prevents
the production of small amounts each time you draw a cup of water which
would cause TDS- Creep.
The colored areas show the possible parameters you will see on different
systems. You can easily recognize that even on the early shutdown at 60%
of line pressure, the concentrate to permeate ratio is 12:1 at the end.
quality water out of your System
As Reverse Osmosis Water quality improves, the higher your differential
pressure on the membrane is, a system with a permeate pump always makes
better water. Let us say that your membrane reduces 98% of the TDS in
your water if you got 60 PSI across your membrane. On 30 PSI differential
it will only do about 95%. In the permeate pump system, you always see
full line pressure across your element, which gives you always the maximum
quality water out of you system.
up to 85% of the Water that normally goes to drain
The following graphic is the result of tests on an Reverse Osmosis Unit,
that allowed to disable the built in Permeate pump using a ball valve.
The unit was adjusted to a 30% recovery. Feed pressure was 6 bars. On
4.5 bars of tank pressure, the unit was shut down. With a disabled Permeate
pump, the last water was produced on a differential pressure of
only 1.5 bars across the Reverse Osmosis membrane. See the results of
up to 85% of your Pre-Filter- and booster pump life
As you are saving up to 85% of the water that is going to drain, your
system does not see all that water. This way, the permeate pump will also
improve the life of your pre-filters and booster pump.
up to line pressure in your tank
Till now, we saw, that a normal system looses performance, recovery and
rejection, the closer we get the tank to line pressure. Because of that,
most systems are limited to about 60- 70% of line pressure in your tank.
With the permeate pump, you don't need that. You can even get 95% line
pressure into your tank without loosing your design parameters. This of
course gives you a far better Flow out of your faucet or to your equipment.
you to use smaller system components
Water needs per person in the household are around 2 gallons per day.
To have a fast recovery on your tank, nowadays systems have 35 GPD Membranes
and up to five stages of filtration. To produce about 8 gallons of water
per day, such system sends far more than 80 gallons of water down the
drain. Actually on the top portion of your tank a 35 GPD membrane makes
only around 15 GPD. Now with the permeate pump, you could go to a 15 GPD
Membrane and still have the same amount of water that you used to get
from your unit.
If you used to sell 100 GPD systems for a light commercial system, you
could now use a 50 GPD system with a permeate pump.
household technology to be used in commercial applications that were normally
requiring industrial systems
problem with using standard systems for commercial applications is the
fact that you have high minimum pressure requirements for equipment such
as coffee makers, ice makers e.t.c. To have all stored water above this
minimum pressure, you need to increase your pre-charge on the tank. This
increases the backpressure on your membrane right from startup. As the
normal unit can only put 60- 70% of line pressure into the tank, you are
only able to use a small section of the performance curve of your system.
For example a system that starts at 30 PSI pre-charge on 80 PSI feed it
would shut down at 56 PSI tank pressure. On our diagram you would see
that you basically start at 37.5% filling and only use the system to fill
the tank up to 70%. The system performance would be between 30- 65% of
your rated membrane performance. With the permeate pump, you run the same
unit up to 100% of line pressure and you only see a slight performance
drop of 15% at the very end.
||How does the
permeate pump work?
The ERP 1000 Permeate pump is using the energy of the brine Water of your
Reverse Osmosis system, to pump the permeate into your pressure Tank.
It does not require electricity for that. It is just using hydraulic energy
that normally goes to drain unused. This way, it isolates your Tank from
the membrane and lets your membrane perform like in an atmospheric tank
|| How do you
install the permeate pump?
The permeate pump can be installed into almost every existing under counter
Reverse Osmosis system. The main thing is, that you install it horizontal
with both outlet ports in the highest position so that any air purges